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"TT33" redirects here. For the Theban tomb, see .

The TT-30 (: 7,62-мм самозарядный пистолет Токарева образца 1930 года,  , 7,62 mm Samozaryadny Pistolet Tokareva obraztsa 1930 goda, "7.62 mm Tokarev self-loading pistol model 1930", TT stands for -Tokarev) is a Russian . It was developed in the early 1930s by as a for the to replace the that had been in use since , though it ended up being used in conjunction with rather than replacing the M1895. It served until 1952, when it was replaced by the .



A Soviet junior political officer armed with a Tokarev TT-33 Service Pistol urges Soviet troops forward against German positions during World War II. The picture is allegedly of political officer Alexey Gordeevich Yeremenko, who is said to have been killed within minutes of this photograph being taken. Tokarev TT-33

In 1930, the approved a resolution to test new small arms to replace its aging revolvers. During these tests, on 7 January 1931, the potential of a pistol designed by Fedor Tokarev was noted. A few weeks later, 1,000 TT-30s were ordered for troop trials, and the pistol was adopted for service in the Red Army. The TT-30 was manufactured between 1930 and 1936, with about 93,000 being produced.

But even as the TT-30 was being put into production, design changes were made to simplify manufacturing. Minor changes to the barrel, disconnector, trigger and frame were implemented, the most notable ones being the omission of the removable hammer assembly and changes to the full-circumference locking lugs. This redesigned pistol was the TT-33. Most TT-33s were issued to commanding officers. The TT-33 was widely used by Soviet troops during , but did not completely replace the Nagant.

Design details[]

Externally, the TT-33 is very similar to 's operated , and internally it uses Browning's tilting-barrel system from the . In other areas the TT-33 differs more from Browning's designs — it employs a much simpler hammer/ assembly than the M1911. This assembly is removable from the pistol as a modular unit and includes machined magazine feed lips preventing misfeeds when a damaged magazine was loaded into the magazine well. Soviet engineers made several alterations to make the mechanism easier to produce and maintain, most notably the simplifications of the barrel's locking lugs, allowing fewer machining steps. Some models use a captive recoil spring secured to the guide rod which does depend on the barrel bushing to hold it under tension. The TT-33 is chambered for the cartridge, which was itself based on the similar cartridge used in the pistol. The 7.62×25mm cartridge is powerful, has an extremely flat trajectory, and is capable of penetrating thick clothing and soft body armor. Able to withstand tremendous abuse, large numbers of the TT-33 were produced during World War II and well into the 1950s. In modern times the robust TT-33 has been converted to many extremely powerful cartridges including and . The TT-33 omitted a safety catch other than the half cock notch which rendered the trigger inoperable until the hammer was pulled back to full cock and then lowered manually to the half cock position. Many imported variants have manual safeties added, which vary greatly in placement and function.


The captured a fair number of TT-33s and issued them to units under the Pistole 615(r) designation. This was made possible by the fact that Russian 7.62 mm Model 1930 Type P cartridges were nearly identical to the German cartridge. Therefore, German ammunition could be used in captured Russian arms, but not vice versa. Due to much higher pressures, the Russian cartridges should never be used in the German Mauser pistols. Such use could be very dangerous.

marketed -surplus Russian-made Tokarevs in Europe and the United States as the Phoenix. They had new wooden grips with a phoenix design on them and were overstamped INTERARMS on the barrel. Later gun laws banned their sale due to their lack of a safety.[]

Foreign production[]

The TT-33 was eventually replaced by the 8-round, pistol in 1952. Production of the TT-33 in Russia ended in 1954, but copies (licensed or otherwise) were also made by other countries. At one time or another most communist or countries made a variation of the TT-33 pistol.


Type 54 with manual safety

The TT pistol was copied in China as the Type 51, , M20, and TU-90.

, the 's state armaments manufacturer in China, manufactured a commercial variant of the Tokarev pistol chambered in the more common 9×19mm Parabellum round, known as the Tokarev Model 213, as well as in the original 7.62×25mm caliber.

The 9mm model features a safety catch, which was absent on Russian-produced TT-33 handguns. Furthermore, the Model 213 features the thin slide grip grooves, as opposed to the original Russian wide-types. The 9mm model is featured with a magazine well block mounted in the rear of the magazine well to accept 9mm type magazines without frame modification.

The Norinco model in current production is not available for sale in the United States due to import prohibitions on Chinese firearms, although older handguns of the Model 213 type imported in the 1980s and 1990s are common.

7.62×25mm ammo is also rather inexpensive and locally produced or imported from China, also made by .


The Hungarian 'Tokaypt-58' - is a 9 mm variant of the Soviet TT pistol

rebarreled the TT to fire as the M48, as well as an export version for Egypt known as the Tokagypt 58 which was widely used by police forces there. Tokagypts differ from the original Tokarevs by an external safety lever that can be engaged in safety decocking as well as cocked hammer position. By changing the barrel and magazine into original TT parts, a calibre change system can be made easily (after proof-shooting in countries affiliated with the ).

Egypt, however, cancelled much of the order of the Tokagypt and PP-like pistols manufactured in Hungary; those were marketed then in the West, like the , where it was imported by Hege.

North Korea[]

manufactured them as the Type 68 or M68.


A crude Pakistani-made knockoff copy of the TT-33 Pistol.

Both legal and illegal TT pistols are still manufactured in various Pakistani factories.


Poland produced their own copies as the PW wz.33, manufactured from 1947 to 1959. In mid-50s a training version of PW wz. 33 was created, chambered in .22lr called . All of those pistols were converted between 1954 and 1958 from the 7.62mm variant by changing the barrel and removing the locking lugs from slide.


Romania produced a TT-33 copy as the TTC, or Cugir Tokarov well into the 1950s. These have been made available for commercial sale in great numbers in recent years. However, to be importable into the United States, a trigger blocking safety was added.


The K54 is a copy of the TT-33. An updated version known as the K14-VN is made by Factory Z111, and has an increased capacity of 13 rounds, with a wider grip to incorporate a . Research and development started in 2001. The K14-VN began to see service with PAVN forces on May 10, 2014.

Yugoslavia (Serbia)[]

The Yugoslavian M57 variant with loaded 9-round magazine.

produces an improved version of the TT-33 designated .

The M57 has a longer grip and longer 9-round magazine (versus 8 rounds in TT). a version is also made by Zastava designated M70A as well as a compact version .

Zastava manufactures a sub compact pistol (a.k.a.Pčelica ("little bee")) roughly based on TT design in () or ().[]

As of 2012 M57A, M70A and M88A are imported into the U.S. by .

The TT-33 is still in service in the Bangladeshi and North Korean armed forces today while in Pakistan still commonly use the TT pistol as a sidearm, though unofficially, as it is being replaced by modern 9 mm and pistols. In China, the TT-33 pistol is also occasionally supplied to the and under the name Type 54.

The Tokarev is popular with pistol collectors and shooters in the West because of its ruggedness and reliability.

However, some complaints include poor-quality grips (which are often replaced by the wrap-around Tokagypt 58 grips) and a hand grip which extends at a vertical angle awkward for many Western shooters. Another complaint is the poor placement of the post-production safeties installed to comply with US import regulations; many shooters disassemble the pistols, remove them and restore the Tokarevs to the original configuration.

Nonetheless, the Tokarev, as well as its variants in 9mm, is renowned for its simplicity, power and accuracy.

Tokarev Pistol historical usage map

See also[]


  1. (2012). (PDF). . . p. 332.  . 
  2. Monetchikov, S. . "Bratishka" magazine website. December 2007
  3. Retrieved on 2 March 2013.
  4. . Archived from on 2008-04-05. Retrieved 2008-01-29. 
  5. ^ (March 2001). . Retrieved 2008-01-29. 
  6. Tokarev, Vladimir (2000). . Archived from on 2008-01-31. Retrieved 2008-01-29. 
  7. ^ Bishop, Chris (2006). The Encyclopedia of Small Arms and Artillery. Grange Books. pp. 13–14.  . 
  8. Kokalis, Peter. Weapons Tests And Evaluations: The Best Of Soldier Of Fortune. Boulder, Colorado, USA: . p. 96.  . 
  9. . Archived from on 8 August 2010. Retrieved 14 November 2014. 
  10. . Riaz Ahmed. Express Tribune. 
  11. Lawrence, Erik (2015-03-13). . Erik Lawrence Publications.  . 
  12. ^ . 19 December 2015. Retrieved 1 April 2018. 
  13. . Retrieved 1 April 2018. 
  14. . Retrieved 1 April 2018. 
  15. Lawrence, Erik (2015-03-13). . Erik Lawrence Publications.  . 
  16. Sergey (April 1, 2002). Williams, Trip, ed. . Alpha Rubicon. Retrieved February 14, 2018. 
  17. ^ Jones, Richard D. Jane's Infantry Weapons 2009/2010. Jane's Information Group; 35 edition (January 27, 2009).  .
  18. . Bangladesh Military Forces - Retrieved 14 November 2014. 
  19. (2007). (PDF). . . p. 204.  . 
  20. ^ Marchington, James (2004). The Encyclopedia of Handheld Weapons. Lewis International, Inc.  .
  21. Hogg, Ian (2002). Jane's Guns Recognition Guide. Jane's Information Group.  .
  22. ^ . Retrieved 1 April 2018. 
  23. ^ . Retrieved 14 November 2014. 
  24. (2012). (PDF). . . p. 131.  . 
  25. . Retrieved 14 November 2014. 
  26. (2005). (PDF). . . p. 166.  . 
  27. . Retrieved 14 November 2014. 
  28. Smith, Chris (October 2003). (PDF). Small Arms Survey. 
  29. Peter Abbott (1986). Modern African Wars (1) 1965-80. p. 10.  . 

External links[]

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